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Davis SW , Fleisher L , Ter Maat J , Muha C , Laepke K
Treatment and clinical trials decisionmaking: The impact of the Cancer Information Service. Part 5
Journal of Health Communication. 1998 ;3 :71-85
PMID: ISI:000075818900009   
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The Cancer Information Service (CIS) provides accurate, up-to- date information to cancer patients, their families, the general public, and health professionals. In 1996, the CIS telephone service received 208,971 calls from people with questions about cancer treatments and clinical trials (total calls = 500,000). Cancer information specialists are trained and certified to access the PDQ database of treatment options and clinical trials, to translate medical information into understandable terms in order to help callers make treatment decisions, and to discuss clinical trials proactively. A telephone service user survey was conducted to assess the satisfaction and impact of the assistance and information provided to CIS callers. Almost half of the callers (46% of those calling for treatment information:, 50% calling for clinical trial information) discussed the CIS information with a physician. Over half (55% treatment, 54% clinical trial) said the information helped them make a treatment decision. Twenty- four percent of treatment and 64% bf clinical trial callers had enrolled in or had considered a clinical trial. Almost all (95%) were satisfied with information received from the CIS. The authors find thai the CIS is fulfilling its role in disseminating information on cancer treatment and clinical trials through its telephone service. The CIS proactively educates treatment callers about clinical trials. However, the CIS needs to apply other strategies to reach medically underserved populations. Although most callers were able to understand the information, clinical trial callers found the information more difficult than did treatment callers. The CIS is working to simplify written clinical trial information.
Times Cited: 5 English Article S 118BY J HEALTH COMMUN