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Ozols RF
Systemic therapy for ovarian cancer: current status and new treatments
Semin Oncol. 2006 Apr;33(2 Suppl 6) :3-11
PMID: 16716797   
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Current systemic therapy for ovarian cancer consists of a combination of carboplatin and paclitaxel. While the majority of patients achieve clinical complete remission after six cycles of chemotherapy, the relapse rate stands at over 50%. Median survival time for patients after recurrence is approximately 2 years. New treatment approaches for patients with advanced ovarian cancer include consolidation and maintenance therapy, intraperitoneal administration of cytotoxic agents, new combination chemotherapy regimens, the development of new cytotoxic agents, and molecular-targeted therapies. These agents will be evaluated either singularly or with chemotherapy. Currently, the Gynecologic Oncology Group is evaluating a combination of bevacizumab together with paclitaxel and carboplatin in previously untreated patients with advanced ovarian cancer. This trial is based on phase II data that suggest that bevacizumab as a single agent has significant activity in patients with recurrent ovarian cancer. In addition, the Gynecologic Oncology Group will be conducting phase II trials of different combinations of intraperitoneal chemotherapy in an effort to decrease toxicity associated with current intraperitoneal regimens that have shown an improvement in survival in patients with small-volume stage III disease. The Gynecologic Oncology Group will also be conducting a trial of maintenance therapy in patients who enter clinical complete remission with paclitaxel plus carboplatin, comparing observation with monthly paclitaxel or monthly paclitaxel poliglumex. Novel new cytotoxic and biologic agents are also being evaluated as single agents in phase II trials in patients with recurrent ovarian cancer.