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Curran Jr WJ , Stafford PM
Lack of apparent difference in outcome between clinically staged IIIA and IIIB non-small-cell lung cancer treated with radiation therapy
Journal of Clinical Oncology. 1990 ;8(3) :409-415
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Abstract
The current American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging system for bronchogenic carcinoma, which divides stage III M0 cases into stages IIIA and IIIB, is based on the observation that selected patients with IIIA disease (T3 or N2) can undergo complete surgical resection, in distinction to IIIB patients (T4 or N3). To understand the value of this system when applied to clinically staged (CS) patients treated with a standard nonoperative approach, the records of patients with squamous cell, large-cell, and adenocarcinoma of the lung treated with radiation therapy (RT) at the Fox Chase Cancer Center from 1978 to 1987 were reviewed. Three hundred sixteen patients were identified as having CS III M0 disease treated with single daily fraction RT without chemotherapy or sensitizers. Of these, the distinction between IIIA (166) and IIIB (140) could be made for 306 patients. The median survival time (MST) for all CS III patients was 9.6 months, and the 2-year survival was 17%. No difference was observed in MST between CSA III A and III B patients (9.4 vs 9.8 months, P = .78), in 2-year survival (17% v 18%), or in rate of first failure within the RT field (43% v 44%). MSTs for the 157 CS IIIA and IIIB patients with less than 5% weight loss and Zubrod performance status (PS) 0 to 1 were 13.0 and 15.8 months (P = .29), respectively. This lack of difference in outcome for CS IIIA and IIIB patients receiving RT has important implications in the design and stratification of future nonoperative trials for stage III lung cancer.
Notes
0732183X (ISSN) Cited By: 25; Export Date: 30 May 2006; Source: Scopus CODEN: JCOND Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Curran Jr., W.J.; Fox Chase Cancer Center; 7701 Burholme Ave. Philadelphia, PA 19111, United States