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Montoya C , Jain A , Londoño JJ , Correa S , Lelkes PI , Melo MA , Orrego S
Multifunctional Dental Composite with Piezoelectric Nanofillers for Combined Antibacterial and Mineralization Effects
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2021 Sep 22;13(37) :43868-43879
PMID: 34494813   
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After nearly seven decades of development, dental composite restorations continue to show limited clinical service. The triggering point for restoration failure is the degradation of the bond at the tooth-biomaterial interface from chemical, biological, and mechanical sources. Oral biofilms form at the bonded interfaces, producing enzymes and acids that demineralize hard tissues and damage the composite. Removing bacteria from bonded interfaces and remineralizing marginal gaps will increase restorations' clinical service. To address this need, we propose for the first time the use of piezoelectric nanoparticles of barium titanate (BaTiO(3)) as a multifunctional bioactive filler in dental resin composites, offering combined antibacterial and (re)mineralization effects. In this work, we developed and characterized the properties of dental piezoelectric resin composites, including the degree of conversion and mechanical and physical properties, for restorative applications. Moreover, we evaluated the antibacterial and mineralization responses of piezoelectric composites in vitro. We observed a significant reduction in biofilm growth (up to 90%) and the formation of thick and dense layers of calcium phosphate minerals in piezoelectric composites compared to control groups. The antibacterial mechanism was also revealed. Additionally, we developed a unique approach evaluating the bond strength of dentin-adhesive-composite interfaces subjected to simultaneous attacks from bacteria and cyclic mechanical loading operating in synergy. Our innovative bioactive multifunctional composite provides an ideal technology for restorative applications using a single filler with combined long-lasting nonrechargeable antibacterial/remineralization effects.
1944-8252 Montoya, Carolina Jain, Anubhav Londoño, Juan José Correa, Santiago Lelkes, Peter I Orcid: 0000-0003-4954-3498 Melo, Mary Anne Orcid: 0000-0002-0007-2966 Orrego, Santiago Orcid: 0000-0003-3683-6750 Journal Article United States ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2021 Sep 22;13(37):43868-43879. doi: 10.1021/acsami.1c06331. Epub 2021 Sep 8.