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Long-term functional correction of cystathionine β-synthase deficiency in mice by adeno-associated viral gene therapy
J Inherit Metab Dis. 2021 Sep 16
AbstractCystathionine β-synthase (CBS) deficiency is a recessive inborn error of sulfur metabolism characterized by elevated blood levels of total homocysteine (tHcy). Patients diagnosed with CBS deficiency are currently treated by a combination of vitamin supplementation and restriction of foods containing the homocysteine precursor methionine, but the effectiveness of this therapy is limited due to poor compliance. A mouse model for CBS deficiency (Tg-I278T Cbs(-/-) ) was used to evaluate a potential gene therapy approach to treat CBS deficiency utilizing an AAVrh.10-based vector containing the human CBS cDNA downstream of the constitutive, strong CAG promoter (AAVrh.10hCBS). Mice were administered a single dose of virus and followed for up to one year. The data demonstrated a dose-dependent increase in liver CBS activity and a dose-dependent decrease in serum tHcy. Liver CBS enzyme activity at one year was similar to Cbs(+/-) control mice. Mice given the highest dose (5.6x10(11) genomes/mouse) had mean serum tHcy decrease of 97% one week after injection and an 81% reduction one year after injection. Treated mice had either full- or substantial correction of alopecia, bone loss, and fat mass phenotypes associated with Cbs deficiency in mice. Our findings show that AAVrh.10-based gene therapy is highly effective in treating CBS deficiency in mice and supports additional pre-clinical testing for eventual use human trials. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Notes1573-2665 Lee, Hyung-Ok Salami, Christiana O Sondhi, Dolan Kaminsky, Stephen M Crystal, Ronald G Kruger, Warren D Orcid: 0000-0002-4990-3695 Journal Article United States J Inherit Metab Dis. 2021 Sep 16. doi: 10.1002/jimd.12437.