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Papillary Renal Neoplasm With Reverse Polarity Is Often Cystic: Report of 7 Cases and Review of 93 Cases in the Literature
Am J Surg Pathol. 2021 Aug 5
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Abstract
Papillary renal neoplasm with reverse polarity (PRNRP) is a newly proposed entity with distinct histology and frequent KRAS mutations. To date, 93 cases of PRNRPs have been reported. In this study, we present 7 new cases of PRNRP and review the literature. Most of the pathologic features in our 7 cases are similar to those previously reported cases. However, all 7 of our cases showed at least partial cystic changes, which was not stressed in prior studies. Single-nucleotide polymorphism-microarray based chromosomal analysis demonstrated no trisomy or other alteration of chromosomes 7 or 17; and no loss or other alteration of chromosome Y was detected in all 7 cases. Next-generation sequencing detected KRAS missense mutations in 4 of 7 cases. No fusion genes were detected. In summary, PRNRP is a small, well-circumscribed often encapsulated and cystic neoplasm with loose papillary formations. Cuboidal tumor cells always have eosinophilic cytoplasm and nuclei located at the pole opposite the basement membrane with a low World Health Organization (WHO)/International Society of Urologic Pathologists (ISUP) nuclear grade. The fibrovascular cores can be hyalinized or edematous. Macrophage aggregates and intracellular hemosiderin are uncommon, and no psammoma bodies or necrosis should be seen. Immunophenotypically, this tumor is always positive for CK7 and GATA3, and negative for CD117 and vimentin. CD10 and AMACR can be positive, but often weakly and focally. PRNRP often has KRAS mutations, however, only 32% of cases have chromosomal abnormalities in chromosomes 7, 17, and Y. No recurrences, metastases, or tumor-related deaths have been reported following complete resection.
Notes
1532-0979 Wei, Shuanzeng Kutikov, Alexander Patchefsky, Arthur S Flieder, Douglas B Talarchek, Jacqueline N Al-Saleem, Tahseen Dulaimi, Essel Uzzo, Robert G Testa, Joseph R Pei, Jianming Journal Article United States Am J Surg Pathol. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.1097/PAS.0000000000001773.