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Maluchenko NV , Koshkina DO , Feofanov AV , Studitsky VM , Kirpichnikov MP
Poly(ADP-Ribosyl) Code Functions
Acta Naturae. 2021 Apr-Jun;13(2) :58-69
PMID: 34377556    PMCID: PMC8327145    URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34377556
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Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation plays a key role in cellular metabolism. Covalent poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation affects the activity of the proteins engaged in DNA repair, chromatin structure regulation, gene expression, RNA processing, ribosome biogenesis, and protein translation. Non-covalent PAR-dependent interactions are involved in the various types of cellular response to stress and viral infection, such as inflammation, hormonal signaling, and the immune response. The review discusses how structurally different poly(ADP-ribose) (PAR) molecules composed of identical monomers can differentially participate in various cellular processes acting as the so-called "PAR code." The article describes the ability of PAR polymers to form functional biomolecular clusters through a phase-separation in response to various signals. This phase-separation contributes to rapid spatial segregation of biochemical processes and effective recruitment of the necessary components. The cellular PAR level is tightly controlled by a network of regulatory proteins: PAR code writers, readers, and erasers. Impaired PAR metabolism is associated with the development of pathological processes causing oncological, cardiovascular, and neurodegenerative diseases. Pharmacological correction of the PAR level may represent a new approach to the treatment of various diseases.
Maluchenko, N V Koshkina, D O Feofanov, A V Studitsky, V M Kirpichnikov, M P Journal Article Acta Naturae. 2021 Apr-Jun;13(2):58-69. doi: 10.32607/actanaturae.11089.