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Greener JR , Bass SB , Alhajji M , Gordon TF
Prospective assessment of contralateral prophylactic mastectomy decision-making in women with average risk: an application of perceptual mapping
Transl Behav Med. 2021 Feb 11;11(1) :143-152
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Women with early-stage unilateral breast cancer and no familial or genetic risk factors are increasingly electing contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM), despite the lack of evidence demonstrating improved outcomes. To better understand and extend the literature focused on treatment decision-making, a survey was conducted among women with early-stage breast cancer and no associated risk factors, who were in the process of making a surgical decision. This prospective study sought to expand our understanding of the factors that influence patients' decision to have CPM, with the goal of providing healthcare providers with useful guidance in supporting breast cancer patients who are making treatment decisions. Data were collected for this prospective study through an internet survey. Results were analyzed using perceptual mapping, a technique that provides visual insight into the importance of specific variables to groups of women making different surgical decisions, not available through conventional analyses. Results suggest that women more likely to elect CPM demonstrate greater worry about breast cancer through experiences with others and feel the need to take control of their health through selection of the most aggressive treatment option. The information obtained offers guidance for the development of targeted intervention and counsel that will support patients' ability to make high quality, informed decisions.
1613-9860 Greener, Judith R Bass, Sarah B Alhajji, Mohammad Gordon, Thomas F Journal Article England Transl Behav Med. 2021 Feb 11;11(1):143-152. doi: 10.1093/tbm/ibz159.