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Daher S , Lee M , Jin X , Teijaro CN , Wheeler SE , Jacobson MA , Buttaro B , Andrade RB
Synthesis, biological evaluation, and computational analysis of biaryl side-chain analogs of solithromycin
ChemMedChem. 2021 Aug 5
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Abstract
There is an urgent need for new antibiotics to mitigate the existential threat posed by antibiotic resistance. Within the ketolide class, solithromycin has emerged as one of the most promising candidates for further development. Crystallographic studies of bacterial ribosomes and ribosomal subunits complexed with solithromycin have shed light on the nature of molecular interactions (π-stacking and H-bonding) between from the biaryl side-chain of the drug and key residues in the 50S ribosomal subunit. We have designed and synthesized a library of solithromycin analogs to study their structure-activity relationships (SAR) in tandem with new computational studies. The biological activity of each analog was evaluated in terms of ribosomal affinity ( K d determined by fluorescence polarization), as well as minimum inhibitory concentration assays (MICs). Density functional theory (DFT) studies of a simple binding site model identify key H-bonding interactions that modulate the potency of solithromycin analogs.
Notes
1860-7187 Daher, Samer Lee, Miseon Jin, Xiao Teijaro, Christiana N Wheeler, Steven E Jacobson, Marlene A Buttaro, Bettina Andrade, Rodrigo B Journal Article Germany ChemMedChem. 2021 Aug 5. doi: 10.1002/cmdc.202100435.