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Moise RK , Balise R , Ragin C , Kobetz E
Cervical cancer risk and access: Utilizing three statistical tools to assess Haitian women in South Florida
PLoS One. 2021 ;16(7) :e0254089
PMID: 34228766 PMCID: PMC8259954
AbstractAlthough decreasing rates of cervical cancer in the U.S. are attributable to health policy, immigrant women, particularly Haitians, experience disproportionate disease burden related to delayed detection and treatment. However, risk prediction and dynamics of access remain largely underexplored and unresolved in this population. This study seeks to assess cervical cancer risk and access of unscreened Haitian women. Extracted and merged from two studies, this sample includes n = 346 at-risk Haitian women in South Florida, the largest U.S. enclave of Haitians (ages 30-65 and unscreened in the previous three years). Three approaches (logistic regression [LR]; classification and regression trees [CART]; and random forest [RF]) were employed to assess the association between screening history and sociodemographic variables. LR results indicated women who reported US citizenship (OR = 3.22, 95% CI = 1.52-6.84), access to routine care (OR = 2.11, 95%CI = 1.04-4.30), and spent more years in the US (OR = 1.01, 95%CI = 1.00-1.03) were significantly more likely to report previous screening. CART results returned an accuracy of 0.75 with a tree initially splitting on women who were not citizens, then on 43 or fewer years in the U.S., and without access to routine care. RF model identified U.S. years, citizenship, and access to routine care as variables of highest importance indicated by greatest mean decreases in Gini index. The model was .79 accurate (95% CI = 0.74-0.84). This multi-pronged analysis identifies previously undocumented barriers to health screening for Haitian women. Recent US immigrants without citizenship or perceived access to routine care may be at higher risk for disease due to barriers in accessing U.S. health-systems.
Notes1932-6203 Moise, Rhoda K Orcid: 0000-0002-1710-774x Balise, Raymond Ragin, Camille Kobetz, Erin P30 CA240139/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States R01 CA183612/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States Journal Article PLoS One. 2021 Jul 6;16(7):e0254089. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0254089. eCollection 2021.