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Kuntz KM , Popp J , Beck JR , Zauber AG , Weinberg DS
Cost-effectiveness of surveillance with CT colonography after resection of colorectal cancer
BMJ Open Gastroenterol. 2020 Sep;7(1)
PMID: 32933928    PMCID: PMC7493100   
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OBJECTIVE: Surveillance following colorectal cancer (CRC) resection uses optical colonoscopy (OC) to detect intraluminal disease and CT to detect extracolonic recurrence. CT colonography (CTC) might be an efficient use of resources in this situation because it allows for intraluminal and extraluminal evaluations with one test. DESIGN: We developed a simulation model to compare lifetime costs and benefits for a cohort of patients with resected CRC. Standard of care involved annual CT for 3 years and OC for years 1, 4 and every 5 years thereafter. For the CTC-based strategy, we replace CT+OC at year 1 with CTC. Patients with lesions greater than 6 mm detected by CTC underwent OC. Detection of an adenoma 10 mm or larger was followed by OC at 1 year, then every 3 years thereafter. Test characteristics and costs for CTC were derived from a clinical study. Medicare costs were used for cancer care costs as well as alternative test costs. We discounted costs and effects at 3% per year. RESULTS: For persons with resected stage III CRC, the standard-of-care strategy was more costly (US$293) and effective (2.6 averted CRC cases and 1.1 averted cancer deaths per 1000) than the CTC-based strategy, with an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of US$55 500 per quality-adjusted life-year gained. Our analysis was most sensitive to the sensitivity of CTC for detecting polyps 10 mm or larger and assumptions about disease progression. CONCLUSION: In a simulation model, we found that replacing the standard-of-care approach to postdiagnostic surveillance with a CTC-based strategy is not an efficient use of resources in most situations.
2054-4774 Kuntz, Karen M Orcid: 0000-0001-6335-7590 Popp, Jonah Beck, J Robert Zauber, Ann G Weinberg, David S P30 CA008748/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States Comparative Study Journal Article Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural BMJ Open Gastroenterol. 2020 Sep;7(1):e000450. doi: 10.1136/bmjgast-2020-000450.