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Chen ELY , Lee CR , Thompson PK , Wiest DL , Anderson MK , Zúñiga-Pflücker JC
Ontogenic timing, T cell receptor signal strength, and Notch signaling direct γδ T cell functional differentiation in vivo
Cell Rep. 2021 Jun 8;35(10) :109227
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Abstract
γδ T cells form an integral arm of the immune system and are critical during protective and destructive immunity. However, how γδ T cells are functionally programmed in vivo remains unclear. Here, we employ RBPJ-inducible and KN6-transgenic mice to assess the roles of ontogenic timing, T cell receptor (TCR) signal strength, and Notch signaling. We find skewing of Vγ1(+) cells toward the PLZF(+)Lin28b(+) lineage at the fetal stage. Generation of interleukin-17 (IL-17)-producing γδ T cells is favored during, although not exclusive to, the fetal stage. Surprisingly, Notch signaling is dispensable for peripheral γδ T cell IL-17 production. Strong TCR signals, together with Notch, promote IL-4 differentiation. Conversely, less strong TCR signals promote Notch-independent IL-17 differentiation. Single-cell transcriptomic analysis reveals differential programming instilled by TCR signal strength and Notch for specific subsets. Thus, our results precisely define the roles of ontogenic timing, TCR signal strength, and Notch signaling in γδ T cell functional programming in vivo.
Notes
2211-1247 Chen, Edward L Y Lee, Christina R Thompson, Patrycja K Wiest, David L Anderson, Michele K Zúñiga-Pflücker, Juan Carlos Journal Article United States Cell Rep. 2021 Jun 8;35(10):109227. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2021.109227.