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Park S , Chen J , Ma GX , Ortega AN
Inequities in Access to Care and Health Care Spending for Asian Americans With Cancer
Med Care. 2021 Mar 29;59(6) :528-536
PMID: 33782249    PMCID: PMC8119364    URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33782249
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Abstract
BACKGROUND: Asian Americans have lower cancer screening rates than non-Latino "Whites," suggesting inequities in cancer prevention among Asian Americans. Little is known about inequities in cancer treatment between Whites and Asian Americans with cancer. METHODS: Using the 2002-2017 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, we examined inequities in access to care and health care spending between Whites and Asian Americans with and without cancer. Our outcomes included 3 measures of access to care and 3 measures of health care spending. We used multivariable regressions while adjusting for predisposing, enabling, and need factors and estimated the mean adjusted values of the outcomes for each group. We then examined the differences in these adjusted mean outcomes among Asian Americans relative to Whites. RESULTS: We observed evidence of inequities that Asian Americans without cancer experienced limited access to care due to a lack of a usual source of care. The likelihood of having a usual source of care was lower among Asian Americans without cancer than Whites without cancer. Inequities were not observed among Asian Americans with cancer. Compared with Whites with cancer, Asian Americans with cancer had similar or better levels of access to care. No or marginal differences in health care spending were detected between Whites and Asian Americans with cancer. These findings were consistent in both nonelderly and elderly groups. CONCLUSION: While Asian Americans without cancer have unmet medical needs due to limited access to care, access to care and spending are relatively equitable between Whites and Asian Americans with cancer.
Notes
1537-1948 Park, Sungchul Chen, Jie Ma, Grace X Ortega, Alexander N Journal Article United States Med Care. 2021 Mar 29. doi: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000001538.