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Scherzi T , D'Ambrosio EA , Daher SS , Grimes CL , Dunman PM , Andrade RB
Staphylococcus aureus resistance to albocycline can be achieved by mutations that alter cellular NAD/PH pools
Bioorg Med Chem. 2021 Feb 15;32 :115995
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Small molecule target identification is a critical step in modern antibacterial drug discovery, particularly against multi-drug resistant pathogens. Albocycline (ALB) is a macrolactone natural product with potent activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant S. aureus (VRSA) whose mechanism of action has been elusive to date. Herein, we report biochemical and genomic studies that reveal ALB does not target bacterial peptidoglycan biosynthesis or the ribosome; rather, it appears to modulate NADPH ratios and upregulate redox sensing in the cell consistent with previous studies at Upjohn. Owing to the complexity inherent in biological pathways, further genomic assays are needed to identify the true molecular target(s) of albocycline.
1464-3391 Scherzi, Tyler D'Ambrosio, Elizabeth A Daher, Samer S Grimes, Catherine L Dunman, Paul M Andrade, Rodrigo B Journal Article England Bioorg Med Chem. 2021 Feb 15;32:115995. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2021.115995. Epub 2021 Jan 7.