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Ma GX , Bhimla A , Zhu L , Beeber M , Aczon F , Tan Y , Quinn SB , Khan O , Gadegbeku CA
Development of an Intervention to Promote Physical Activity and Reduce Dietary Sodium Intake for Preventing Hypertension and Chronic Disease in Filipino Americans
J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2021 Jun 3;8(2) :283-292
PMID: 32495306    PMCID: PMC7710586    URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32495306
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Abstract
Hypertension is a common chronic health condition affecting Filipino Americans. This pilot study examined the feasibility of addressing high rates of hypertension among Filipino Americans through the implementation of a culturally tailored education intervention. Filipino Americans living in the Greater Philadelphia Area were recruited through community-based organizations for participation and were engaged using a community-based participatory research (CBPR) framework. The study included pre- and post-intervention blood pressure measurements, self-reported body mass index, and questionnaires about physical activity and salt intake. The intervention to promote physical activity and reduce salt intake was conducted through two educational sessions and was accompanied by follow-up at 3 months and by the collection of urine samples for 24-h urinary sodium intake biomarker analysis. Following intervention, a non-statistically significant decrease in urine sodium was observed in both the intervention and the control groups. For systolic blood pressure, a reduction of 12.6 mmHg and an increase in 5.3 mmHg was observed in the intervention and control groups, respectively. Diastolic pressure decreased 3.8 mmHg for the intervention group and increased 5.6 mmHg among controls. The culturally tailored education intervention reported here represents a promising tool for blood pressure reduction in high-risk ethnic populations. The methods used were effective for the recruitment and retention of ethnic minorities in a community-based setting.
Notes
2196-8837 Ma, Grace X ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3619-0550 Bhimla, Aisha Zhu, Lin Beeber, Maayan Aczon, Ferdinand Tan, Yin Quinn, Sally Boyle Khan, Omar Gadegbeku, Crystal A U54 CA221704(5)/National Cancer Institute (US) of NIH U58DP005828 REACH/CC/CDC HHS/United States Journal Article Switzerland J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2020 Jun 3. pii: 10.1007/s40615-020-00781-z. doi: 10.1007/s40615-020-00781-z.