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Goldberg D , Doby B , Siminoff L , Shah M , Lynch R
Rejecting Bias: The Case Against Race Adjustment for OPO Performance in Communities of Color
Am J Transplant. 2020 Sep;20(9) :2337-2342
PMID: 32185873 URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32185873
AbstractIn December of 2019, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) put out a notice of proposed rule-making (NPRM) for 42 CFR Part 486, specifically the section that covers the organ procurement organization (OPO) Conditions for Coverage (CfCs). Most crucially, the proposed rule included two new OPO performance metrics using objective, standardized data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). These new metrics would employ a denominator that included inpatient deaths from certain causes that could lead to organ donation, rather than the current unverifiable eligible death metric. While there has been near-uniform support for replacing the eligible death denominator with CDC data, a source of contention is CMS's proposal to not risk adjust for race in their OPO outcome. Nonetheless, there have been calls for race and ethnicity to be included as risk adjusted variables in the CMS donation metric. Herein, we lay out an argument as to why inclusion of race and ethnicity as risk adjustment variables in an OPO performance metric is not only statistically suspect but will hide the inequities that are detrimental to optimal system performance and assurance that all patients have timely access to donation.
Notes1600-6143 Goldberg, David ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1465-0691 Doby, Brianna Siminoff, Laura ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6775-665X Shah, Malay ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5325-2410 Lynch, Raymond Journal Article United States Am J Transplant. 2020 Mar 17. doi: 10.1111/ajt.15865.