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Wei S , Ehya H
Degenerated Keratinized Tumor Cells in Oropharyngeal Human Papilloma Virus-Associated Squamous Cell Carcinoma: A Pitfall in p16 Immunostaining of Fine-Needle Aspiration Specimens
Acta Cytol. 2018 Jul 2;62(5-6) :339-345
PMID: 29966127 URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29966127
AbstractOBJECTIVE: High-risk human papilloma virus (HPV) testing should be performed on all patients with newly diagnosed oropharyngeal HPV-associated squamous cell carcinoma (OPHPVSCC), and p16 immunostaining can be used as a surrogate marker. Although in surgical pathology specimens p16 staining in > 70% of the tumor cells is considered a positive result, the interpretation in fine-needle aspiration (FNA) specimens has remained controversial. STUDY DESIGN: FNA of neck lymph nodes and corresponding surgical specimens from 42 patients with OPHPVSCC were reviewed. RESULTS: In FNA specimens, 38 cases (90.5%) had viable tumor cells, 32 (76.2%) had keratin debris, and 36 (85.7%) had degenerated keratinized tumor cells. Twenty-seven of 27 (100%) had positive p16 staining in > 70% of viable tumor cells, while the degenerated tumor cells were negative. Twenty of 24 (83.3%) primary OPHPVSCC exhibited focal degenerated keratinized tumor cells and/or keratin debris. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that the majority of the OPHPVSCC metastases in lymph nodes had degenerated keratinized tumor cells and keratin debris. Many primary OPHPVSCC also demonstrated focal keratinization and/or degeneration. The degenerated tumor cells showed no immunoreactivity to p16. The same 70% cutoff used in histologic specimens should be applied in cytologic specimens, but only the viable tumor cells should be counted.
NotesWei, Shuanzeng Ehya, Hormoz eng Switzerland Acta Cytol. 2018;62(5-6):339-345. doi: 10.1159/000490229. Epub 2018 Jul 2.