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Oliver JS , Allen RS , Eichorst MK , Mieskowski L , Ewell PJ , Payne-Foster P , Ragin C
A pilot study of prostate cancer knowledge among African American men and their health care advocates: implications for screening decisions
Cancer Causes Control. 2018 Jul;29(7) :699-706
PMID: 29804218    PMCID: PMC6301016    URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29804218
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Abstract
PURPOSE: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second leading cause of cancer death in U.S. men [American Cancer Society (ACS)], most often affecting men age 50 and older. The study provides information about factors that influence rural AA men in their decision to undergo screening for PCa with a specific focus on PCa knowledge among AA men and their health care advocates. METHODS: A longitudinal quantitative study included AA males and their health care advocates. Participants were from three Alabama rural counties. Measures included demographics, PCa knowledge, decisional conflict, and health literacy scales. RESULTS: Thirty-three men with a mean age of 54.61 and 35 health care advocates were included in the study. PROCASE Knowledge Index measure results indicate a lack of PCa knowledge among both male primary participants and their advocates. The knowledge of AA men in the study was somewhat low, with individuals correctly answering approximately six questions out of ten at multiple time points (baseline total M = 6.42, SD = 1.52). Decisional conflict responses at 12 months (38.64) were lower than at baseline (M = 62.88) and at 6 months (M = 58.33), p < .005. CONCLUSION: Health care advocates of the 33 male participants were usually women, spouses, or significant others, supporting the vital role women play in men's health specifically in rural underserved communities. Low overall PCa knowledge, including their risk for PCa, among these participants indicates a need for PCa and screening educational interventions and dialogue that include males and their significant others.
Notes
1573-7225 Oliver, JoAnn S Allen, Rebecca S Eichorst, Morgan K Mieskowski, Lisa Ewell, Patrick J Payne-Foster, Pamela Ragin, Camille R21NR012250/National Institute of Nursing Research Journal Article Netherlands Cancer Causes Control. 2018 May 26. pii: 10.1007/s10552-018-1041-0. doi: 10.1007/s10552-018-1041-0.