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Kit OI , Vodolazhsky DI , Kutilin DS , Enin YS , Gevorkyan YA , Zolotukhin PV , Boumber Y , Kharin LV , Panina SB
A Proteomics Analysis Reveals 9 Up-Regulated Proteins Associated with Altered Cell Signaling in Colon Cancer Patients
Protein J. 2017 Dec;36(6) :513-522
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Colorectal cancer is the second most common cancer in women and third most common cancer in men. Cell signaling alterations in colon cancer, especially in aggressive metastatic tumors, require further investigations. The present study aims to compare the expression pattern of proteins associated with cell signaling in paired tumor and non-tumor samples of patients with colon cancer, as well as to define the cluster of proteins to differentiate patients with non-metastatic (Dukes' grade B) and metastatic (Dukes' grade C&D) colon cancer. Frozen tumor and non-tumor samples were collected after tumor resection from 19 patients with colon cancer. The Panorama Antibody Microarray-Cell Signaling kits were used for the analyses. The expression ratios of paired tumor/non-tumor samples were calculated for the each protein. We employed R packages 'samr', 'gplots', 'supclust' (pelora, wilma algorithms), 'glmnet' for the differential expression analysis, supervised clustering and penalized logistic regression. Significance analysis of microarrays revealed 9 significantly up-regulated proteins, including protein kinase C gamma, c-Myc, MDM2, pan cytokeratin, and 1 significantly down-regulated protein (GAP1) in tumoral mucosa. Pan-cytokeratin and APP were up-regulated in tumor versus non-tumor tissue, and were selected in the predictive cluster to discriminate colon cancer type. Higher levels of S-100b and phospho-Tau-pSer199/202 were confirmed as the predictors of non-metastatic colon cancer by all employed regression/clustering methods. Deregulated proteins in colon cancer are involved in oncogenic signal transduction, cell cycle control, and regulation of cytoskeleton/transport. Further studies are needed to validate potential protein markers of colon cancer development and metastatic progression.
1875-8355 Kit, Oleg I Vodolazhsky, Dmitry I Kutilin, Denis S Enin, Yaroslav S Gevorkyan, Yury A Zolotukhin, Peter V Boumber, Yanis Kharin, Leonid V Panina, Svetlana B Journal Article Netherlands Protein J. 2017 Dec;36(6):513-522. doi: 10.1007/s10930-017-9746-6.