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Ashing KT , Carrington A , Ragin C , Roach V
Examining HPV- and HPV vaccine-related cognitions and acceptability among US-born and immigrant hispanics and US-born and immigrant non-Hispanic Blacks: a preliminary catchment area study
Cancer Causes Control. 2017 Nov;28(11) :1341-1347
PMID: 29098504    PMCID: PMC6707718    URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29098504
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Abstract
PURPOSE: Disparities in HPV vaccination exist. Therefore, we investigated the distinction and disparities in HPV- and HPV vaccine-related cognitions and acceptability among US-born African Americans (AA) and Black immigrants, and between US-born Latinas and Latina immigrants. METHODS: Secondary data analyses were conducted with 383 female adults divided into non-Hispanic Blacks-(1) AA born in the US (n = 129) and (2) Black immigrants (n = 53), and Hispanics-(3) Latinas born in the US (n = 57) and (4) Latina immigrants (n = 144). HPV-related cognitions are assessed by measuring HPV-related knowledge and HPV vaccine-related awareness, beliefs, accessibility, and acceptability. RESULTS: Black and Latina immigrants were less likely to know where they can get/refer for HPV vaccine (p = .007) than their US-born counterparts. Latina immigrants were less likely to have heard of HPV vaccine (p = .033), know where they can get more information about HPV vaccine (p = .045), and know where they can get/refer for HPV vaccine (p = .001) than US-born Latinas. Both immigrant groups (Black: p = .046; Latina: p = .044) were more likely to report cost concerns than their counterparts. US-born AA were the least likely to endorse HPV vaccine safety (31.0%) and efficacy (39.7%), whereas US-born Latinas endorsed efficacy (63.2%) but less safety (44.6%). Overall, vaccine acceptability was low across all groups. CONCLUSIONS: Group disparities in HPV vaccine cognitions emerged, but they all had notable HPV vaccine acceptability (safety and efficacy) barriers. HPV vaccine safety and efficacy were highly unfavorable in US-born AA. The HPV vaccine safety concerns are demonstrated with only 31-54% reporting that the "HPV vaccine is safe"-potentially increasing their risk of HPV vaccine negation. With regards to HPV vaccine efficacy, only 40-63% of this study population endorsed HPV vaccine efficacy. Additionally, immigrants reported greater HPV vaccine cost barriers and healthcare access concerns-increasing their risk for HPV vaccine naivete. Therefore, our findings on HPV vaccine cognitions and acceptability can inform targeted strategies to increase vaccination among US and immigrant Hispanics and non-Hispanic Blacks who are at elevated risk for HPV-related cancers.
Notes
1573-7225 Ashing, Kimlin Tam Carrington, Agatha Ragin, Camille Roach, Veronica Excellence Award Program/Beckman Research Institute, City of Hope/United States P30CA033572/National Cancer Institute/United States Journal Article Netherlands Cancer Causes Control. 2017 Nov;28(11):1341-1347. doi: 10.1007/s10552-017-0973-0. Epub 2017 Nov 2.