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Chu J , Li JG , Giannopoulos PF , Blass BE , Childers W , Abou-Gharbia M , Pratico D
Pharmacologic blockade of 12/15-lipoxygenase ameliorates memory deficits, Abeta and tau neuropathology in the triple-transgenic mice
Mol Psychiatry. 2015 Nov;20(11) :1329-38
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The 12/15-lipoxygenase (12/15LO) enzyme is widely distributed within the central nervous system. Previous work showed that this protein is upregulated in Alzheimer's disease (AD), and plays an active role in the development of brain amyloidosis in amyloid beta (Abeta)-precursor protein transgenic mice (Tg2576). In the present paper, we studied the effect of its pharmacologic inhibition on the AD-like phenotype of a mouse model with plaques and tangles, the triple-transgenic mice. Compared with mice receiving placebo, the group treated with PD146176, a specific 12/15LO inhibitor, manifested a significant improvement of their memory deficits. The same animals had a significant reduction in Abeta levels and deposition, which was secondary to a decrease in the beta-secretase pathway. In addition, while total tau-soluble levels were unchanged for both groups, PD146176-treated mice had a significant reduction in its phosphorylation state and insoluble fraction, which specifically associated with decrease in stress-activated protein kinase/c-Jun N-terminal kinase activity. In vitro study showed that the effect on tau and Abeta were independent from each other. These data establish a functional role for 12/15LO in the pathogenesis of the full spectrum of the AD-like phenotype and represent the successful completion of the initial step for the preclinical development of 12/15LO inhibitors as novel therapeutic agents for AD.
Chu, J Li, J-G Giannopoulos, P F Blass, B E Childers, W Abou-Gharbia, M Pratico, D Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't England Mol Psychiatry. 2015 Nov;20(11):1329-38. doi: 10.1038/mp.2014.170. Epub 2015 Jan 6.