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Cheung M , Kadariya Y , Pei J , Talarchek J , Facciolo F , Visca P , Righi L , Cozzi I , Testa JR , Ascoli V
An asbestos-exposed family with multiple cases of pleural malignant mesothelioma without inheritance of a predisposing BAP1 mutation
Cancer Genet. 2015 Oct;208(10) :502-7
PMID: 26364129    PMCID: PMC4608746    URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26364129
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We report a family with domestic exposure to asbestos and diagnosis of multiple cancers, including eight pleural malignant mesotheliomas and several other lung or pleural tumors. DNA sequence analysis revealed no evidence for an inherited mutation of BAP1. Sequence analysis of other potentially relevant genes, including TP53, CDKN2A, and BARD1, also revealed no mutation. DNA microarray analysis of tissue from two mesotheliomas revealed multiple genomic imbalances, including consistent losses of overlapping segments in 2q, 6q, 9p, 14q, 15q, and 22q, but no losses of chromosome 3 harboring the BAP1 locus. However, the results of immunohistochemical analysis demonstrated loss of nuclear BAP1 staining in three of six mesotheliomas tested, suggesting that somatic alterations of BAP1 occurred in a subset of tumors from this family. Since mesothelioma could be confirmed in only a single generation, domestic exposure to asbestos may be the predominant cause of mesothelioma in this family. Given the existence of unspecified malignant pleural tumors and lung cancers in a prior generation, we discuss the possibility that some other tumor susceptibility or modifier gene(s) may contribute to the high incidence of mesothelioma in this family. Because the incidence of mesothelioma in this family is higher than that expected even in workers heavily exposed to asbestos, we conclude that both asbestos exposure and genetic factors have played a role in the high rate of mesothelioma and potentially other pleural or lung cancers seen in this family.
Cheung, Mitchell Kadariya, Yuwaraj Pei, Jianming Talarchek, Jacqueline Facciolo, Francesco Visca, Paolo Righi, Luisella Cozzi, Ilaria Testa, Joseph R Ascoli, Valeria eng P30 CA06927/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ R01 CA175691/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ CA175691/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ P30 ES013508/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS/ P42 ES023720/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS/ P30 CA006927/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Cancer Genet. 2015 Oct;208(10):502-7. doi: 10.1016/j.cancergen.2015.07.004. Epub 2015 Jul 30.