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Aizer AA , Arvold ND , Catalano P , Claus EB , Golby AJ , Johnson MD , Al-Mefty O , Wen PY , Reardon DA , Lee EQ , Nayak L , Rinne ML , Beroukhim R , Weiss SE , Ramkissoon SH , Abedalthagafi M , Santagata S , Dunn IF , Alexander BM
Adjuvant radiation therapy, local recurrence, and the need for salvage therapy in atypical meningioma
Neuro Oncol. 2014 Nov;16(11) :1547-53
PMID: 24891451    PMCID: PMC4201070   
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Abstract
BACKGROUND: The impact of adjuvant radiation in patients with atypical meningioma remains poorly defined. We sought to determine the impact of adjuvant radiation therapy in this population. METHODS: We identified 91 patients with World Health Organization grade II (atypical) meningioma managed at Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center between 1997 and 2011. A propensity score model incorporating age at diagnosis, gender, Karnofsky performance status, tumor location, tumor size, reason for diagnosis, and era of treatment was constructed using logistic regression for the outcome of receipt versus nonreceipt of radiation therapy. Propensity scores were then used as continuous covariates in a Cox proportional hazards model to determine the adjusted impact of adjuvant radiation therapy on both local recurrence and the combined endpoint of use of salvage therapy and death due to progressive meningioma. RESULTS: The median follow-up in patients without recurrent disease was 4.9 years. After adjustment for pertinent confounding variables, radiation therapy was associated with decreased local recurrence in those undergoing gross total resection (hazard ratio, 0.25; 95% CI, 0.07-0.96; P = .04). No differences in overall survival were seen in patients who did and did not receive radiation therapy. CONCLUSION: Patients who have had a gross total resection of an atypical meningioma should be considered for adjuvant radiation therapy given the improvement in local control. Multicenter, prospective trials are required to definitively evaluate the potential impact of radiation therapy on survival in patients with atypical meningioma.
Notes
1523-5866 Aizer, Ayal A Arvold, Nils D Catalano, Paul Claus, Elizabeth B Golby, Alexandra J Johnson, Mark D Al-Mefty, Ossama Wen, Patrick Y Reardon, David A Lee, Eudocia Q Nayak, Lakshmi Rinne, Mikael L Beroukhim, Rameen Weiss, Stephanie E Ramkissoon, Shakti H Abedalthagafi, Malak Santagata, Sandro Dunn, Ian F Alexander, Brian M Journal Article England Neuro Oncol. 2014 Nov;16(11):1547-53. doi: 10.1093/neuonc/nou098. Epub 2014 Jun 2.