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Heckman CJ , Zhu F , Manne SL , Kloss JD , Collins BN , Bass SB , Lessin SR
Process and outcomes of a skin protection intervention for young adults
J Health Psychol. 2013 Apr;18(4) :561-73
PMID: 22843632    PMCID: PMC3485419    URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22843632
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Efforts to reduce skin cancer risk behaviors using appearance-oriented interventions (e.g. ultraviolet (UV) light photos showing skin damage) or motivational interviewing (MI) have shown promise in recent trials. In the study a randomized 2 (UV photo versus no UV photo) x 2 (MI versus no MI) factorial design with longitudinal follow up was used. Results showed that progression in stage of change (SOC) was significantly more likely in the photo than the education condition. Treatment credibility as rated by participants and counselor perceived positive therapeutic alliance predicted SOC progression. There was also preliminary evidence for differential intervention effectiveness by baseline SOC. The implications are discussed.
Heckman, Carolyn J Zhu, Fang Manne, Sharon L Kloss, Jacqueline D Collins, Bradley N Bass, Sarah Bauerle Lessin, Stuart R K07 CA108685/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States K07CA108685/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States P30 CA006927/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States P30CA006927/CA/NCI NIH HHS/United States Randomized Controlled Trial Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural England Journal of health psychology Nihms376277 J Health Psychol. 2013 Apr;18(4):561-73. doi: 10.1177/1359105312449193. Epub 2012 Jul 27.