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Jain A , Seiden MV
Rare Epithelial Tumors Arising in or near the Ovary
Am Soc Clin Oncol Educ Book. 2013 ;2013 :200-4
PMID: 23714502   
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Currently all advanced-stage epithelial ovarian cancers are treated with a total abdominal hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy, and complete tumor debulking surgery, followed by carboplatin and paclitaxel. This treatment recommendation is based on clinical trials that are mostly populated with women with high-grade serous carcinomas. Patients with mucinous or clear cell carcinomas of the ovary tend to present with earlier-stage disease, and may not require adjuvant chemotherapy; those with advanced-stage disease tend to have carboplatin-resistant disease. Patients with mucinous ovarian carcinoma have presentations and tumor biology that are similar to colorectal carcinomas and may benefit from colorectal regimens containing fluorouracil (FU) and oxaliplatin. Their tumors may also be KRAS wild-type or have HER2 amplification, and could benefit from drugs like cetuximab or trastuzumab. Patients with clear cell carcinoma of the ovary often harbor AIRD1a mutations, an early event in oncogenesis that is not a currently drugable target. Anecdotal cases and our biologic understanding of these malignancies suggest they might be preferentially sensitive to antiangiogenesis inhibitors. Focused international trials will be needed in both of these rare epithelial ovarian cancers to better define optimal treatment regimens.
Jain, Angela Seiden, Michael V United States American Society of Clinical Oncology educational book / ASCO. American Society of Clinical Oncology. Meeting Am Soc Clin Oncol Educ Book. 2013;2013:200-4. doi: E10.1200/EdBook_AM.2013.33.e200.