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Freedman GM , Li T , Polli LV , Anderson PR , Bleicher RJ , Sigurdson E , Swaby R , Dushkin H , Patchefsky A , Goldstein L
Lymphatic space invasion is not an independent predictor of outcomes in early stage breast cancer treated by breast-conserving surgery and radiation
Breast J. 2012 Sep;18(5) :415-9
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To study the prognostic importance of lymphovascular invasion (LVI) in early stage breast cancer after conservative surgery and radiation. From 2/80 to 8/07, 1,478 patients were treated with breast-conserving surgery and radiation with or without systemic therapy. Study eligibility included breast conservation, whole breast postoperative radiation, T1-T2 disease, and known LVI status. Endpoints were 5- and 10-year actuarial outcomes for local control and survival. LVI was present in 427 patients and absent in 1,051 patients. Median follow-up was 68 and 69 months, respectively. Patients with LVI had a younger median age, were more often pre- or perimenopausal, T2, physically palpable, invasive ductal, node positive, grade 3, and treated with chemotherapy compared with patients without LVI. The 5- and 10-year local-regional recurrence was 4.5% and 9.6% with LVI compared with 1.6% and 5.6% without LVI (p = 0.01). The 5- and 10-year overall survival was 83% and 68% for LVI and 91% and 80% for no LVI, respectively (p < 0.0001). Multivariate analysis showed that LVI was not an independent predictor of local-regional control (p = 0.0697) or survival (p = 0.1184). LVI in breast cancer is found in association with other worse prognostic factors for outcome, is associated with a modest increase in local-regional recurrence, but is not an independent predictor of local-regional recurrence or survival on multivariate analysis.
Freedman, Gary M Li, Tianyu Polli, Leonardo V Anderson, Penny R Bleicher, Richard J Sigurdson, Elin Swaby, Ramona Dushkin, Holly Patchefsky, Arthur Goldstein, Lori eng Clinical Trial Breast J. 2012 Sep;18(5):415-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1524-4741.2012.01271.x. Epub 2012 Jul 10.