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Martinez E , Tatum KL , Glass M , Bernath A , Ferris D , Reynolds P , Schnoll RA
Correlates of smoking cessation self-efficacy in a community sample of smokers
Addict Behav. 2010 Feb;35(2) :175-8
PMID: 19804945    PMCID: PMC2783543    URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19804945
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While numerous studies show that higher levels of smoking cessation self-efficacy predicts motivation to quit smoking and successful smoking cessation, few studies have evaluated factors related to smoking cessation self-efficacy that could be targets of behavioral interventions to promote greater confidence to quit smoking. This study, using a large community sample of smokers enrolled in a smoking cessation treatment program, evaluated potential associations between self-efficacy to quit smoking and demographic (e.g., age, race), smoking-related (e.g., rate, cessation history, past use of treatments), and psychosocial (e.g., stress, cue reactivity, self-medication smoking) variables. The results indicated that Hispanic-American smokers, relative to smokers of other racial/ethnic groups, report significantly lower self-efficacy to quit smoking when facing internal stimuli (e.g., feeling depressed), as do smokers who report that they have little confidence to control abstinence-induced symptoms (F(9,576)=6.9, p<.001). The results also indicated that smokers who reported that they have little confidence to control abstinence-induced symptoms and report high smoking urge reactivity to situations that illicit positive affect (e.g., at a bar, with coffee, at a party) report lower self-efficacy to quit smoking when facing external stimuli (e.g., during a celebration; F[7,600]=9.05, p<.05). These findings can be used to refine behavioral smoking cessation interventions to increase self-efficacy to quit smoking.
Martinez, Elisa Tatum, Kristina L Glass, Marcella Bernath, Albert Ferris, Daron Reynolds, Patrick Schnoll, Robert A eng R21 DA026889/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/ U10 101178/PHS HHS/ R21 DA026889-01/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/ R01 CA126969/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ P50DA02585/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/ R01DA025078/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/ U10 CA101178-01/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ R01 DA025078/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/ U10 CA101178/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ R01 CA126969-03/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ R01 DA025078-01A1/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/ Randomized Controlled Trial Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't England Addict Behav. 2010 Feb;35(2):175-8. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2009.09.016. Epub 2009 Sep 19.