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Norton TR , Stephens MA , Martire LM , Townsend AL , Gupta A
Change in the centrality of women's multiple roles: effects of role stress and rewards
Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. 2002 Jan;57(1) :S52-62
PMID: 11773233 URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=11773233
AbstractOBJECTIVES: To examine (a) change versus stability over one year in four social roles occupied by 182 midlife women (parent care provider, mother, wife and employee), (b) increases in role stress and increases in role rewards as predictors of change in centrality, and (c) whether increases in stress or increases in rewards were stronger predictors when the 2 were considered simultaneously. METHOD: Interviews were conducted at 2 time points approximately 1 year apart. Participants were asked to rate the personal importance of each role on a scale of 1 to 10. Stress and rewards in each role were also assessed. RESULTS: Analyses revealed considerable change in role centrality, especially in the parent-care and employee roles. Increases in wife and employee stress were associated with decreases in the centrality of these roles, whereas increases in rewards in each of the four roles were related to increases in the centrality of the respective roles. When considered simultaneously, role rewards were stronger predictors of change in centrality than role stress. DISCUSSION: These findings suggest that the centrality of a social role can change over time in response to stressful and rewarding role experiences.
NotesNorton, Tina R Stephens, Mary Ann Parris Martire, Lynn M Townsend, Aloen L Gupta, Anita HL65112/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/United States P30 MH52247/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/United States P50 HL65111/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/United States R01 AG 11906/AG/NIA NIH HHS/United States R25 MH60473/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/United States Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. United States The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2002 Jan;57(1):S52-62.