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Tang L , Breinig S , Stith L , Mischel A , Tannir J , Kokona B , Fairman R , Jaffe EK
Single amino acid mutations alter the distribution of human porphobilinogen synthase quaternary structure isoforms (morpheeins)
J Biol Chem. 2006 Mar 10;281(10) :6682-90
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Porphobilinogen synthase (PBGS) is an obligate oligomer that can exist in functionally distinct quaternary states of different stoichiometries, which are called morpheeins. The morpheein concept describes an ensemble of quaternary structure isoforms wherein different structures of the monomer dictate different multiplicities of the oligomer (Jaffe, E. K. (2005) Trends Biochem. Sci. 30, 490-497). Human PBGS assembles into long-lived morpheeins and has been shown to be capable of forming either a high activity octamer or a low activity hexamer (Breinig, S., Kervinen, J., Stith, L., Wasson, A. S., Fairman, R., Wlodawer, A., Zdanov, A., and Jaffe, E. K. (2003) Nat. Struct. Biol. 10, 757-763). All PBGS monomers contain an alphabeta-barrel domain and an N-terminal arm domain. The N-terminal arm structure varies among PBGS morpheeins, and the spatial relationship between the arm and the barrel dictates the different quaternary assemblies. We have analyzed the structures of human PBGS morpheeins for key interactions that would be predicted to affect the oligomeric assembly. Examples of individual mutations that shift assembly of human PBGS away from the native octamer are R240A and W19A. The alternate morpheeins of human PBGS variants R240A and W19A are chromatographically separable from each other and kinetically distinct; their structure and dynamics have been characterized by native gel electrophoresis, dynamic light scattering, and analytical ultracentrifugation. R240A assembles into a metastable hexamer, which can undergo a reversible conversion to the octamer in the presence of substrate. The metastable nature of the R240A hexamer supports the hypothesis that octameric and hexameric morpheeins of PBGS are very close in energy. W19A assembles into a mixture of dimers, which appear to be stable.
Tang, Lei Breinig, Sabine Stith, Linda Mischel, Adele Tannir, Justin Kokona, Bashkim Fairman, Robert Jaffe, Eileen K CA006927/CA/United States NCI ES03654/ES/United States NIEHS Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. United States The Journal of biological chemistry J Biol Chem. 2006 Mar 10;281(10):6682-90. Epub 2005 Dec 23.