FCCC LOGO Faculty Publications
Ge Y , Voelz VA
Markov State Models to Elucidate Ligand Binding Mechanism
Methods Mol Biol. 2021 ;2266 :239-259
PMID: 33759131   
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Abstract
Molecular dynamics simulations can now routinely access the microsecond timescale, making feasible direct sampling of ligand association events. While Markov State Model (MSM) approaches offer a useful framework for analyzing such trajectory data to gain insight into binding mechanisms, accurate modeling of ligand association pathways and kinetics must be done carefully. We describe methods and good practices for constructing MSMs of ligand binding from unbiased trajectory data and discuss how to use time-lagged independent component analysis (tICA) to build informative models, using as an example recent simulation work to model the binding of phenylalanine to the regulatory ACT domain dimer of phenylalanine hydroxylase. We describe a variety of methods for estimating association rates from MSMs and discuss how to distinguish between conformational selection and induced-fit mechanisms using MSMs. In addition, we review some examples of MSMs constructed to elucidate the mechanisms by which p53 transactivation domain (TAD) and related peptides bind the oncoprotein MDM2.
Notes
1940-6029 Ge, Yunhui Voelz, Vincent A Journal Article United States Methods Mol Biol. 2021;2266:239-259. doi: 10.1007/978-1-0716-1209-5_14.