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McCall AM, Amoroso AR, Sautes C, Marks JD, Weiner LM
Characterization of anti-mouse Fc gamma RII single-chain Fv fragments derived from human phage display libraries
Immunotechnology (1998) 4:71-87.
Abstract
Background: Few antibodies are available to study the function of the Fc gamma RII murine immunoglobulin receptor. Human phage display libraries represent a potential source of single-chain Fv (sFv) to facilitate the study of the Fc gamma RII murine immunoglobulin receptor. Objectives: To isolate human sFv specific for mouse Fc gamma RII. Study design : Two human phage display libraries were selected for reactivity to mouse Fc gamma RII. Those human anti-mouse Fc gamma RII sFv that were derived from the libraries were characterized with respect to kinetics, cellular binding, epitope specificity and amino acid sequence. Results: Nine anti-mouse Fc gamma RII sFv molecules were isolated from two human phage display libraries (Marks et al., J Mol Biol 1991;222:581-597; Sheets et al., Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, in press). Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) analysis revealed that the human anti-mouse Fc gamma RII sFv had off- rates ranging from 10(-2) to 10(-3) s(-1), with K-D values calculated to range between 10(-7) and 10(-9) M. The binding of the FITC-labeled human anti-mouse Fc gamma RII sFv to mouse peritoneal neutrophils was not detected by flow cytometry, due to the rapid off-rates of these monomeric proteins. However, when the human anti-mouse Fc gamma RII sFv were coated on yellow-green latex particles, all of the human sFv were found to specifically bind to mouse peritoneal neutrophils. Deglycosylation of mouse Fc gamma RII did not diminish the binding of these sFv, suggesting that the sFv molecules recognize a polypeptide epitope on murine Fc gamma RII. In contrast, denaturation of mouse Fc gamma RII dramatically reduced the binding of the human sFv, suggesting that the epitopes are conformational. Sequence analysis of the human anti-mouse Fc gamma RII sFv revealed a high degree of structural similarity among the nine sFv. The DP73 V-H gene segment was utilized by four of the nine sFv, while seven of the nine sFv contained the DPL16 V-lambda gene segment. The sequence similarities between these sFv suggested that several of the human sFv may recognize a common epitope on mouse Fc gamma RII. Epitope mapping studies demonstrated that eight of the nine human anti-mouse Fc gamma RII sFv recognized overlapping epitopes. All of these human anti-mouse Fc gamma RII sFv competed with the 2.4G2 rat monoclonal anti-mouse Fc gamma RII/III antibody for binding with mouse Fc gamma RII, suggesting that the targeted epitopes reside in or near the Fc binding pocket of mouse Fc gamma RII. Conclusions: The availability of novel sFv recognizing mouse Fc gamma RII will facilitate the study of receptor triggering events. Such sFv may prove useful to engage murine Fc gamma RII for targeted cytotoxicity or immunization strategies. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Note
Publication Date: 1998-06-01.
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