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Li BS, Wang H, Gonen O
Metabolite ratios to assumed stable creatine level may confound the quantification of proton brain MR spectroscopy
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (2003) 21:923-928.
Abstract
In localized brain proton MR spectroscopy (H-1-MRS), metabolites' levels are often expressed as ratios, rather than as absolute concentrations. Frequently, their denominator is the creatine [Cr], which level is explicitly assumed to be stable in normal as well as in many pathologic states. The rationale is that ratios self-correct for imager and localization method differences, gain instabilities, regional susceptibility variations and partial volume effects. The implicit assumption is that these benefits are worth their cost(w)-(w) propagation of the individual variation of each of the ratio's components. To test this hypothesis, absolute levels of N-acetylaspartate [NAA], choline [Cho] and [Cr] were quantified in various regions of the brains of 8 volunteers, using 3-dimensional (3D) H-1-MRS at 1.5 T. The results show that in over 50% of similar to2000 voxels examined, [NAA]/[Cr] and [Cho]/[Cr] exhibited higher coefficients of variations (CV) than [NAA] and [Cho] individua! lly. Furthermore, in similar to33% of these voxels, the ratios' CVs exceeded even the combined constituents' CVs. Consequently, basing metabolite quantification on ratios and assuming stable [Cr] introduces more variability into H-1-MRS than it prevents. Therefore, its cost exceeds the benefit. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Note
Publication Date: 2003-10-01.
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