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Lewis-Wambi JS, Cunliffe HE, Kim HR, Willis AL, Jordan VC
Overexpression of CEACAM6 promotes migration and invasion of oestrogen-deprived breast cancer cells
Eur J Cancer (2008) 44:1770-9.
Abstract
Carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 6 (CEACAM6) is an intercellular adhesion molecule that is overexpressed in a wide variety of human cancers, including colon, breast and lung and is associated with tumourigenesis, tumour cell adhesion, invasion and metastasis. In this study, we showed that CEACAM6 was overexpressed in a panel of oestrogen receptor (ERalpha)-positive human breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7:5C and MCF-7:2A) that have acquired resistance to oestrogen deprivation, and this overexpression was associated with a more aggressive invasive phenotype in vitro. Expression array analysis revealed that MCF-7:5C and MCF-7:2A cells overexpressed CEACAM6 mRNA by 27-fold and 12-fold, respectively, and were 6-15-times more invasive compared to non-invasive wild-type MCF-7 cells which expressed low levels of CEACAM6. Suppression of CEACAM6 expression using small interfering RNA (siRNA) completely reversed migration and invasion of MCF-7:5C and MCF-7:2A cells and it significantly reduced phosphorylated Akt and c-Src expression in these cells. In conclusion, our findings establish CEACAM6 as a unique mediator of migration and invasion of drug resistant oestrogen-deprived breast cancer cells and suggest that this protein could be an important biomarker of metastasis.
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Publication Date: 2008-08-01.
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