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Kadariya Y, Yin B, Tang BQ, Shinton SA, Quinlivan EP, Hua X, Klein-Szanto A, Al-Saleem TI, Bassing CH, Hardy RR, Kruger WD
Mice Heterozygous for Germ-line Mutations in Methylthioadenosine Phosphorylase (MTAP) Die Prematurely of T-Cell Lymphoma
Cancer Research (2009) 69:5961-5969.
Abstract
Large homozygous deletions of 9p21 that inactivate CDKN2A, ARF, and MTAP are common in a wide variety of human cancers. The role for CDKN2A and ARF in tumorigenesis is well established, but whether MTAP loss directly affects tumorigenesis is unclear. MTAP encodes the enzyme methylthioadenosine phosphorylase, a key enzyme in the methionine salvage pathway. To determine if loss of MTAP plays a functional role in tumorigenesis, we have created an MTAP-knockout mouse. Mice homozygous for a MTAP null allele (Mtap(lacZ)) have an embryonic lethal phenotype dying around day 8 postconception. Mtap/Mtap(lacz) heterozygotes are born at Mendelian frequencies and appear indistinguishable from wild-type mice during the first year of life, but they tend to die prematurely with a median survival of 585 days. Autopsies on these animals reveal that they have greatly enlarged spleens, altered thymic histology, and lymphocytic infiltration of their livers, consistent with lymphoma. Immunohistochemical staining and fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis indicate that these lymphomas are primarily T-cell in origin. Lymphoma-infiltrated tissues tend to have reduced levels of Mtap mRNA and MTAP protein in addition to unaltered levels of methyldeoxycytidine. These studies show that Mtap is a tumor suppressor gene independent of CDKN2A and ARF. [Cancer Res 2009;69(14):5961-9]
Note
Publication Date: 2009-07-01.
PMCID: PMC2757012
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Last updated on Thursday, April 02, 2020