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Joseph P, Long DJ, Klein-Szanto AJ, Jaiswal AK
Role of NAD(P)H : quinone oxidoreductase 1 (DT diaphorase) in protection against quinone toxicity
Biochemical Pharmacology (2000) 60:207-214.
Abstract
NQO1-/- mice, along with Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, were used to determine the in vivo role of NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) in cellular protection against quinone cytotoxicity, membrane damage, DNA damage, and carcinogenicity. CHO cells permanently expressing various levels of cDNA-derived P450 reductase and NQO1 were produced. Treatment of CHO cells overexpressing P450 reductase with menadione, benzo[a]pyrene- 3,6-quinone (BPQ), and benzoquinone led to increased cytotoxicity as compared with CHO cells expressing endogenous P450 reductase. In a similar experiment, overexpression of NQO1 significantly protected CHO cells against the cytotoxicity of these quinones. Knockout (NQO1-/-) mice deficient in NQO1 protein and activity had been generated previously in our laboratory and were used in the present studies. Wild-type (NQO1+/+) and knockout (NQO1-/-) mice were given i.p. injections of menadione and BPQ, followed by analysis of membrane damage and DNA damage. Both menadione and BPQ induced lipid peroxidation in hepatic and non-hepatic tissues, indicating increased membrane damage. Exposure to BPQ also resulted iri increased hepatic DNA adducts in NQO1-/- mice as compared with NQO1+/+ mice. The skin application of BPQ alone and BPQ + 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) failed to induce papillomas, or other lesions, for up to 50 weeks in either NQO1+/+ or NQO1-/- mice. The various results from CHO cells and NQO1-/- mice indicated that NQO1 protects against quinone-induced cytotoxicity, as well as DNA and membrane damage. The absence of BPQ induced skin carcinogenicity in NQO1-/- mice may be related to the strain (C57BL/6) of mice used in the present study and/or due to poor BPQ absorption into the skin and/or due to detoxification of BPQ by cytosolic NRH:quinone oxidoreductase 2 (NQO2). (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.
Note
Publication Date: 2000-07-15.
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