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Johnson RA, Shepard EM, Scotto KW
Differential regulation of MDR1 transcription by the p53 family members - Role of the DNA binding domain
Journal of Biological Chemistry (2005) 280:13213-13219.
Although the p53 family members share a similar structure and function, it has become clear that they differ with respect to their role in development and tumor progression. Because of the high degree of homology in their DNA binding domains (DBDs), it is not surprising that both p63 and p73 activate the majority of p53 target genes. However, recent studies have revealed some differences in a subset of the target genes affected, and the mechanism underlying this diversity has only recently come under investigation. Our laboratory has demonstrated previously that p53 represses transcription of the P-glycoprotein-encoding MDR1 gene via direct DNA binding through a novel p53 DNA-binding site (the HT site). By transient transfection analyses, we now show that p63 and p73 activate rather than repress MDR1 transcription, and they do so through an upstream promoter element (the alternative p63/p73 element (APE)) independent of the HT site. This activation is dependent on an intact DNA binding domain, because mutations within the p63DBD or p73DBD are sufficient to prevent APE-mediated activation. However, neither p63 nor p73 directly interact with the APE, suggesting an indirect mechanism of activation through this site. Most interestingly, when the p53DBD is replaced by the p63DBD, p53 is converted from a repressor working through the HT site to an activator working through the APE. Taken together, these data indicate that, despite considerable homology, the DBD of the p53 family members have unique properties and can differentially regulate gene targeting and transcriptional output by both DNA binding-dependent and -independent mechanisms.
Publication Date: 2005-04-08.
Last updated on Tuesday, July 07, 2020