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Iizasa T, Momiki S, Bauer B, Caamano J, Metcalf R, Lechner J, Harris CC, Klein-Szanto AJ
Invasive tumors derived from xenotransplanted, immortalized human cells after in vivo exposure to chemical carcinogens
Carcinogenesis (1993) 14:1789-94.
Several chemicals that are found in cigarette smoke or diesel oil engine exhausts, such as benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) and 1,6-dinitropyrene (DNP) are carcinogenic in experimental animal models. In the present study, we have exposed in vivo the xenotransplanted immortalized human bronchial epithelial cell line BEAS-2B to the ultimate carcinogen of B[a]P, benzo[a]pyrene diolepoxide (BPDE), to DNP or to the benzo[e]pyrene, a less active compound that has tumor-promoting abilities in mouse skin carcinogenesis bioassays. All three compounds were administered using slow-release beeswax pellets. After a 6 month exposure, BPDE produced two tumors in seven transplants, four tumors were seen in 10 transplants treated with DNP and one tumor was observed in five tracheal grafts exposed to B[a]P. All the neoplasms were well-differentiated invasive adenocarcinomas. Tracheal transplants exposed to beeswax without carcinogen did not show any evidence of neoplastic growth, and their luminal surfaces were lined by a single or double layer of cuboidal cells. All lines derived from the adenocarcinomas showed increased in vitro resistance to serum-induced terminal differentiation, gelatinolytic activity, s.c. tumorigenicity and invasive growth in an in vivo assay. When these cell lines were compared with previously described tumor cell lines derived from xenotransplants exposed to cigarette smoke condensate, it became clear that the latter exhibited a more aggressive invasive behavior. Nevertheless treatment with the three chemicals gave rise to tumor cell lines that exhibited a similar invasive behavior in vivo, and were able to penetrate early into the wall of the tracheal transplants in which they were seeded. These data indicate that this system based on xenotransplanted bronchial epithelial cells is a very relevant model to identify human carcinogens and to study mechanisms of bronchogenic cancer pathogenesis.
Publication Date: 1993-09-01.
Last updated on Saturday, July 11, 2020