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Hudes G, Einhorn L, Ross E, Balsham A, Loehrer P, Ramsey H, Sprandio J, Entmacher M, Dugan W, Ansari R, Monaco F, Hanna M, Roth B
Vinblastine versus vinblastine plus oral estramustine phosphate for patients with hormone-refractory prostate cancer: A Hoosier Oncology Group and Fox Chase network phase III trial
Journal of Clinical Oncology (1999) 17:3160-3166.
Abstract
Purpose: To compare vinblastine versus the combination of vinblastine plus estramustine as treatment far patients with hormone-refractory prostate cancer (HRPC). Patients and Methods: A total of 201 patients with metastatic prostate cancer, progressive after hormonal therapy and antiandrogen withdrawal (if prior antiandrogen treatment), were randomized to receive vinblastine (V) 4 mg/m(2) by intravenous bolus weekly for 6 weeks followed by 2 weeks off, either atone or together with estramustine phosphate (EM-V) 600 mg/m(2) PO days 1 through 42, repeated every 8 weeks. Of 193 eligible patients, 98 received V, and 95 received EM-V, Results: Overall survival trended in favor of EM-V but was not significantly different as determined by Kaplan-Meier analysis (P = .08), Median survival was 11.9 months for EM-V and 9.2 months for V, EM-V was superior ta V for secondary end points of time to progression (P < .001, stratified log rank test; median 3.7 v 2.2 months, respectively) and for proportion of patients with greater than or equal to 50% prostate-specific antigen (PSA) decline sustained for at least 3 monthly measurements (25.2% v 3.2%, respectively; P < .0001), Granulocytopenia was significantly less for EM V compared with V (grade 2, 3, and 4 = 7%, 7%, and 1% v 27%, 18% and 9%, respectively; P < .0001); however, grade 2 or worse nausea (26% v 7%, respectively; P = .0002) and extremity edema (225 v 8%, respectively; P = .005) were more frequent for EM-V, Conclusion: Although overall survival was not significantly greater for the combination, EM-V was superior to V for time to progression and PSA improvement These results encourage further study of estramustine-based antimicrotubule drug combinations in HRPC. (C) 1999 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.
Note
Publication Date: 1999-10-01.
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