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Higgy NA, Salicioni AM, Russo IH, Zhang PL, Russo J
Differential expression of human ferritin H chain gene in immortal human breast epithelial MCF-10F cells
Molecular Carcinogenesis (1997) 20:332-339.
Abstract
Subtractive hybridization was used to isolate genes expressed uniquely in the immortalized human breast epithelial cell (HBEC) line MCF-10F and not in the mortal HBEC line 5-130, from which MCF-10F cells were derived. We identified a 233-bp cDNA that was expressed in MCF-10F cells and not in their mortal counterpart 5-130 cells. Sequence comparison with the CenBank database revealed that the cDNA was identical to the gene encoding human ferritin heavy H chain. Northern blot analysis using the isolated cDNA as a probe showed a differentially expressed 1.1-kb transcript of ferritin H in total RNA from the immortal MCF-10F cells, MCF-10F cells treated with the chemical carcinogens 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene and benzo[a]pyrene, and the breast cancer cell lines MCF-7, HBL-100, T-47D, and BT- 20. No ferritin H transcript was detected in the mortal line 5- 130 or in other primary HBEC cultures. Increased levels of mRNA transcript signals were also detected in total RNA from breast cancer tissue samples. Tissue with ductal hyperplasia had higher expression levels than normal adjacent mammary tissue. In situ hybridization showed high levels of ferritin H transcript in mammary tissue areas with ductal hyperplasia, carcinoma in situ, and infiltrating ductal carcinoma. This is the first report of the differential expression and upregulation of human ferritin H chain gene in immortal HBECs. It may be an important factor in the process of immortalization, possibly an early stage of malignant transformation of HBECs, providing cells with iron necessary for growth and clonal expansion. Also, ferritin iron, once released, may increase the level of reactive iron, leading to an increase in oxygen free-radical generation, oxidative DNA damage, and mutation. (C) 1997 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Note
Publication Date: 1997-12-01.
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