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Hansen LJ, Tennant BC, Seeger C, Ganem D
Differential Activation of Myc Gene Family Members in Hepatic Carcinogenesis by Closely Related Hepatitis-B Viruses
Molecular and Cellular Biology (1993) 13:659-667.
Woodchucks infected with woodchuck hepatitis virus (WHV) and ground squirrels infected with ground squirrel hepatitis virus (GSHV) both develop hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but WHV- associated tumors arise more frequently and much earlier in life. These differences are preserved when the oncogenic potentials of the two viruses are examined in the same host (woodchucks). We examined RNA and genomic DNA from tumors arising from WHV- and GSHV-infected woodchucks to determine whether these viruses use the same oncogenic pathway. N-myc RNA was not expressed in normal liver but was expressed in 10 of 13 WHV-associated HCCs examined. Southern blot analysis showed that 7 of 17 WHV-induced tumors (41%) contained rearrangements at N-myc loci due to viral genomic integration. Six of these seven inserts affected N-myc2, and most of these were at the 5' end of the gene. In contrast, only two of seven GSHV-induced woodchuck HCCs expressed N-myc RNA, and only 1 of the 16 tumors (6%) contained a rearranged N-myc allele. The GSHV-associated HCCs all contained numerous viral insertions, so the low frequency of integration into N-myc loci by GSHV was not due to a general block to integration. Four of sixteen GSHV-induced tumors harbored amplified c-myc alleles, and five of seven GSHV tumors tested contained elevated c-myc RNA levels. By contrast, enhanced c-myc RNA levels were observed in only 2 of 13 WHV- induced HCC. We conclude that N-myc overexpression is a regular feature of WHV- but not GSHV-associated hepatocarcinogenesis in a common host. In contrast, c-myc transcriptional deregulation is rarely encountered in WHV-induced HCC but is frequent in GSHV-induced HCC.
Publication Date: 1993-01-01.
Last updated on Wednesday, February 05, 2020