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Coppola D, Hyacinthe M, Fu L, Cantor AB, Karl R, Marcet J, Cooper DL, Nicosia SV, Cooper HS
CD44V6 expression in human colorectal carcinoma
Human Pathology (1998) 29:627-635.
Abstract
CD44 is an adhesion molecule involved in cell-to-cell and cell- to-matrix interactions. This transmembrane glycoprotein exists in either standard or variant forms, originated by alternative splicing. One of the isoforms (CD44V6) has been shown, in some systems, to modify the metastatic potential of tumor cells. To investigate the role of this biomarker as possible prognostic antigen in colorectal cancer, we immunohistochemically anal)zed the distribution of CD44V6 expression on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues from resected colorectal cancers of 34 patients. The monoclonal antibody VFF7 against the amino acid sequence encoded by exon CD44V6 was applied using the avidin-biotin-peroxidase method. For each resected specimen, normal (N), adenomatous (AD), and carcinomatous (CA) colonic mucosa were tested. In 68% of the resected cases, these areas were present in the same slide, and in 76% of cases, nodal or liver metastases (MT) were available for evaluation. Adenomatous polyp biopsy specimens of 10 carcinoma-free patients were also tested. In selected cases, CD44V6 expression was also determined using the Western blot immunoprecipitation technique. CD44V6 immunoreactivity was detected in 100% of the ADs, and in 91% of CAs, but was mostly weak in only 38% of MTs (n = 26). In 49% (n = 35) of ADs, 11% (n = 34) of CAs, and 4% of MTs (n = 26), the stain was moderate to strong. CD44V6 immunoreactivity was predominantly membranous in ADs and cytoplasmic in MTs. In the CAs, both staining patterns were noted. Interestingly, the normal mucosa had a weak subnuclear localization of the stain. In the cases evaluated by Western blotting immunoprecipitation analysis, the level of CD44V6 protein expression was similar to that obtained by immunohistochemistry. No correlation was found with tumor type, stage, or patient survival. The predominant CD44VG expression in ADs and CAs, but not in MTs, suggests that, in many cases, the expression of this adhesion molecule may be lost during the acquisition of migratory function by the tumor cells. HUM PATHOL 29:627-635. Copyright (C) 1998 by W.B. Saunders Company.
Note
Publication Date: 1998-06-01.
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