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Chu QS, Cianfrocca ME, Goldstein LJ, Gale M, Murray N, Loftiss J, Arya N, Koch KM, Pandite L, Fleming RA, Paul E, Rowinsky EK
A phase I and pharmacokinetic study of lapatinib in combination with letrozole in patients with advanced cancer
Clinical Cancer Research (2008) 14:4484-4490.
Purpose: The main objectives of this phase I and pharmacokinetic, open-label study were to determine the optimally tolerated regimen (OTR), safety, pharmacokinetics, and clinical activity of lapatinib in combination with letrozole in patients with advanced solid malignancies. Experimental Design: Patients with advanced breast cancer with immunohistochemically detectable estrogen or progesterone receptors or other cancers were eligible. Doses of lapatinib were escalated in cohorts of three subjects from 1,250 to a maximum of 1,500 mg/d based on dose-limiting toxicities in the first treatment cycle. The letrozole dose was fixed at 2.5 mg/d. Additional patients were enrolled at the OTR dose level to further evaluate safety and for pharmacokinetic analyses. Results: Thirty-nine patients were enrolled in the study: 12 in the dose-escalation group, 7 in the OTR safety group, and 20 in the pharmacokinetic group. The OTR dose level was identified as 1,500 mg/d lapatinib and 2.5 mg/d letrozole. The most common (>25% of patients) drug-related adverse events were diarrhea (77%), rash (62%), nausea (46%), and fatigue (26%). No significant differences were observed in the pharmacokinetic variables (C-max and AUC) of lapatinib and letrozole when coadministered compared with single-agent administration. One patient with endometrial cancer had a confirmed partial response. Conclusions: Clinically relevant doses of lapatinib in combination with letrozole were well tolerated and did not result in a pharmacokinetic interaction, and clinical antitumor activity was observed.
Publication Date: 2008-07-01.
Last updated on Thursday, July 16, 2020