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Boorjian SA, Karnes RJ, Viterbo R, Rangel LJ, Bergstralh EJ, Horwitz EM, Blute ML, Buyyounouski MK
Long-Term Survival After Radical Prostatectomy Versus External-Beam Radiotherapy for Patients With High-Risk Prostate Cancer
Cancer (2011) 117:2883-2891.
Abstract
BACKGROUND: The long-term survival of patients with high-risk prostate cancer was compared after radical prostatectomy (RRP) and after external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) with or without adjuvant androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT). METHODS: In total, 1238 patients underwent RRP, and 609 patients received with EBRT (344 received EBRT plus ADT, and 265 received EBRT alone) between 1988 and 2004 who had a pretreatment prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level >= 20 ng/mL, a biopsy Gleason score between 8 and 10, or clinical tumor classification >= T3. The median follow-up was 10.2 years, 6.0 years, and 7.2 years after RRP, EBRT plus ADT, and EBRT alone, respectively. The impact of treatment modality on systemic progression, cancer-specific survival, and overall survival was evaluated using multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression analysis and a competing risk-regression model. RESULTS: The 10-year cancer-specific survival rate was 92%, 92%, and 88% after RRP, EBRT plus ADT, and EBRT alone, respectively (P = .06). After adjustment for case mix, no significant differences in the risks of systemic progression (hazard ratio [HR], 0.78; 95% confidence interval [Cl], 0.51-1.18; P = .23) or prostate cancer death (HR, 1.14; 95% Cl, 0.68-1.91; P = .61) were observed between patients who received EBRT plus ADT and patients who underwent RRP. The risk of all-cause mortality, however, was greater after EBRT plus ADT than after RRP (HR, 1.60; 95% Cl, 1.25-2.05; P = .0002). CONCLUSIONS: RRP alone and EBRT plus ADT provided similar long-term cancer control for patients with high-risk prostate cancer. The authors concluded that continued investigation into the differing impact of treatments on quality-of-life and noncancer mortality will be necessary to determine the optimal management approach for these patients. Cancer 2011;117:2883-91. (C) 2077 American Cancer Society.
Note
Publication Date: 2011-07-01.
PMCID: PMC3139725
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Last updated on Thursday, April 02, 2020