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Baskaran R, Chiang GG, Mysliwiec T, Kruh GD, Wang JY
Tyrosine phosphorylation of RNA polymerase II carboxyl-terminal domain by the Abl-related gene product
Journal of Biological Chemistry (1997) 272:18905-18909.
Abstract
The largest subunit of RNA polymerase II contains a C-terminal repeated domain (CTD) thai is the site of phosphorylation by serine (threonine) and tyrosine kinases. Phosphorylation of the CTD is correlated with transcription elongation. A number of different kinases have previously been shown to phosphorylate the CTD; among them is a nuclear tyrosine kinase encoded by the c-abl proto-oncogene. The processive and high stoichiometric phosphorylation of RNA polymerase II by c-Abl requires the tyrosine kinase, the SH2 domain, and a CTD-interacting domain (CTD-ID) in the Abl protein. The physiological tyrosine phosphorylation of RNA polymerase II by c-Abl in DNA damage response has previously been demonstrated. Basal tyrosine phosphorylation of RNA polymerase II, however, is observed in cells derived from abl-deficient mice, indicating the existence of other CTD tyrosine kinases. hi this report, we Show that the tyrosine kinase encoded by an Abl-related gene (Arg) also phosphorylates the CTD in vitro and in transfected cells. The SH2 and kinase domain of Arg are 95% identical to that of c- Abl. However, these two proteins Share only 29% identity in the large C-terminal region, Interestingly, a CTD-ID is also found in the C-terminal region of Arg. Mapping studies and sequence analysis have led to the identification of the CTD-that is highly conserved among the divergent C-terminal regions of Abl and Arg. These results indicate that tyrosine phosphorylation of RNA polymerase II CTD could be catalyzed by either c-Abl or Arg kinase.
Note
Publication Date: 1997-07-25.
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