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Bauer KW, Foster GD, Weeks HM, Polonsky HM, Davey A, Sherman S, Abel ML, Ruth KJ, Dale LC, Fisher JO
Breakfast in the Classroom Initiative and Students' Breakfast Consumption Behaviors: A Group Randomized Trial
Am J Public Health (2020) :e1-e7.
Objectives. To identify the effect of a Breakfast in the Classroom (BIC) initiative on the foods and drinks students consume in the morning.Methods. Sixteen public schools in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, that provide universal breakfast participated in a group randomized trial to examine the effects of BIC with complementary nutrition promotion between 2013 and 2016. Control schools (n = 8) offered breakfast in the cafeteria before school. Baseline data were collected from 1362 students in grades 4 to 6. Endpoint data were collected after 2.5 years. Students self-reported the foods and drinks they consumed in the morning.Results. At endpoint, there was no effect of the intervention on breakfast skipping. Nearly 30% of intervention students consumed breakfast foods or drinks from multiple locations, as compared with 21% of control students. A greater proportion of intervention students than control students consumed 100% juice, and a smaller proportion consumed sugar-sweetened beverages and foods high in saturated fat and added sugar.Conclusions. A BIC initiative led to improvements in the types of foods and drinks students consumed in the morning. However, the program did not reduce breakfast skipping and increased the number of locations where students ate. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print February 20, 2020: e1-e7. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2019.305511).
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Publication Date: 2020-02-20.
Last updated on Thursday, April 02, 2020