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Goldstein LJ, Perez RP, Yardley D, Han LD, Reuben JM, Gao H, McCanna S, Butler B, Ruffini PA, Liu Y, Rosato RR, Chang JC
A window-of-opportunity trial of the CXCR1/2 inhibitor reparixin in operable HER-2-negative breast cancer
Breast Cancer Research (2020) 22:4.
Background Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are purported to be responsible for tumor initiation, treatment resistance, disease recurrence, and metastasis. CXCR1, one of the receptors for CXCL8, was identified on breast cancer (BC) CSCs. Reparixin, an investigational allosteric inhibitor of CXCR1, reduced the CSC content of human BC xenograft in mice. Methods In this multicenter, single-arm trial, women with HER-2-negative operable BC received reparixin oral tablets 1000 mg three times daily for 21 days before surgery. Primary objectives evaluated the safety of reparixin and the effects of reparixin on CSC and tumor microenvironment in core biopsies taken at baseline and at treatment completion. Signal of activity was defined as a reduction of >= 20% in ALDH(+) or CD24(-)/CD44(+) CSC by flow cytometry, with consistent reduction by immunohistochemistry. Results Twenty patients were enrolled and completed the study. There were no serious adverse reactions. CSC markers ALDH(+) and CD24(-)/CD44(+) measured by flow cytometry decreased by >= 20% in 4/17 and 9/17 evaluable patients, respectively. However, these results could not be confirmed by immunofluorescence due to the very low number of CSC. Conclusions Reparixin appeared safe and well-tolerated. CSCs were reduced in several patients as measured by flow cytometry, suggesting targeting of CXCR1 on CSC.
Publication Date: 2020-01-01.
PMCID: PMC6954543
Last updated on Saturday, August 22, 2020