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Pan L, Lin Z, Tang X, Tian J, Zheng Q, Jing J, Xie L, Chen H, Lu Q, Wang H, Li Q, Han Y, Ji Y
S-Nitrosylation of Plastin-3 Exacerbates Thoracic Aortic Dissection Formation via Endothelial Barrier Dysfunction
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol (2020) 40:175-188.
OBJECTIVE: Thoracic aortic dissection (TAD) is a fatal disease that leads to aortic rupture and sudden death. However, little is known about the effect and molecular mechanism of S-nitrosylation (SNO) modifications in TAD formation. Approach and Results: SNO levels were higher in aortic tissues from TAD patients than in those from healthy controls, and PLS3 (plastin-3) SNO was identified by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analysis. Furthermore, tail vein administration of endothelial-specific adeno-associated viruses of mutant PLS3-C566A (denitrosylated form) suppressed the development of TAD in mice, but the wild-type PLS3 (S-nitrosylated form) virus did not. Mechanistically, Ang II (angiotensin II)-induced PLS3 SNO enhanced the association of PLS3 with both plectin and cofilin via an iNOS (inducible nitric oxide synthase)-dependent pathway in endothelial cells. The formation of PLS3/plectin/cofilin complex promoted cell migration and tube formation but weakened adherens junction formation in Ang II-treated endothelial cells. Interestingly, denitrosylated form of PLS3 partially mitigated Ang II-induced PLS3/plectin/cofilin complex formation and cell junction disruption. Additionally, the inhibition of iNOS attenuated PLS3 SNO and the association of PLS3 with plectin and cofilin, thereby modulating endothelial barrier function. CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicate that protein SNO modification in endothelial cells modulates the progression of aortic aneurysm and dissection. The iNOS-mediated SNO of PLS3 at the Cys566 site promoted its interaction with cofilin and plectin, thus contributing to endothelial barrier disruption and pathological angiogenesis in TAD.
Publication Date: 2020-01-01.
Last updated on Wednesday, August 05, 2020