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Psutka SP, Chang SL, Cahn D, Uzzo RG, McGregor BA
Reassessing the Role of Cytoreductive Nephrectomy for Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma in 2019
Am Soc Clin Oncol Educ Book (2019) 39:276-283.
Abstract
Cytoreductive nephrectomy (CRN) has long been considered a standard of care in the management of mRCC. This is largely based on randomized trials in the era of interferon (IFN) that demonstrate an improvement in overall survival (OS). With the advent of targeted therapies, the role of CRN has been questioned and multiple retrospective analyses have shown a potential benefit, particularly in intermediate-risk disease. Two long-awaited prospective trials have been published in the past year that explore the role of CRN. The CARMENA trial randomly assigned patients to therapy with sunitinib with or without CRN, showing noninferiority of sunitinib alone versus sunitinib plus CRN with a median OS of 18.4 months versus 13.9 months, respectively (hazard ratio [HR] for mortality, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.71-1.1). The SURTIME trial randomly assigned patients to immediate CRN followed by sunitinib versus a deferred CRN after three cycles of sunitinib. Analysis is limited by early termination as a result of low accrual. Although there was no difference in progression-free survival (PFS), median OS was significantly improved among patients in the deferred CRN arm (HR, 0.57; 95% CI, 0.34-0.95; p = .032). Early systemic therapy is paramount, but there are patients who may derive benefit by incorporating the removal of the primary tumor in their multimodal therapy, perhaps in a deferred setting. As systemic treatment paradigms shift and immunotherapy again moves to the frontline setting with the potential for novel therapeutic approaches, the role of CRN will continue to evolve with the potential to offer surgical interventions with minimal, if any, delay in systemic treatment.
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Publication Date: 2019-01-01.
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Last updated on Monday, November 04, 2019