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Dmitrieva-Posocco O, Dzutsev A, Posocco DF, Hou V, Yuan W, Thovarai V, Mufazalov IA, Gunzer M, Shilovskiy IP, Khaitov MR, Trinchieri G, Waisman A, Grivennikov SI
Cell-Type-Specific Responses to Interleukin-1 Control Microbial Invasion and Tumor-Elicited Inflammation in Colorectal Cancer
Immunity (2019) 50:166-180.e7.
Chronic inflammation drives the progression of colorectal cancer (CRC). Increased expression of interleukin (IL)-17A is associated with poor prognosis, and IL-17A blockade curbs tumor progression in preclinical models of CRC. Here we examined the impact of IL-1 signaling, a key regulator of the IL-17 pathway, in different cell types within the CRC microenvironment. Genetic deletion of the IL-1 receptor (IL-1R1) in epithelial cells alleviated tumorigenesis in the APC model of CRC, demonstrating a cell-autonomous role for IL-1 signaling in early tumor seed outgrowth. T cell specific ablation of IL-1R1 decreased tumor-elicited inflammation dependent on IL-17 and IL-22, thereby reducing CRC progression. The pro-tumorigenic roles of IL-1 were counteracted by its effects on myeloid cells, particularly neutrophils, where IL-1R1 ablation resulted in bacterial invasion into tumors, heightened inflammation and aggressive CRC progression. Thus, IL-1 signaling elicits cell-type-specific responses, which, in aggregate, set the inflammatory tone of the tumor microenvironment and determine the propensity for disease progression.
Publication Date: 2019-01-15.
PMCID: PMC6490968
Last updated on Wednesday, February 05, 2020