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Stein MN, Chen YH, Carducci MA, Hudes GR, Lerma PM, Tan WW, Dalune R, Rowland KM, Kuzel TM, DiPaola RS
Phase II Trial of Eribulin in Patients With Metastatic Hormone Refractory Prostate Cancer: A Trial of the ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group (E5805)
Am J Clin Oncol (2019) 42:375-381.
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Eribulin mesylate, a synthetic analog of halichondrin B, is a novel tubulin-binding agent that inhibits cancer cell proliferation at low-nanomolar levels. METHODS: In a multicenter ECOG trial, patients with progressive metastatic CRPC, ECOG 0-2 were treated with eribulin 1.4 mg/m as an IV bolus over 5 minutes on days 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle. This noncomparative study stratified points to either a chemonaive (CN), prior-taxane (Tax) only, or 2 prior cytotoxic (TCx) chemotherapy arm. The trial was powered to detect a 50% PSA reduction using Consensus Criteria in at least 40% versus 20% (90% power, one-sided alpha=0.10) for the CN stratum and 25% versus. 10% (power 87%, one-sided alpha=0.10) for the Tax and TCx strata. RESULTS: In total, 119 pts received treatment of which 116 were eligible for the primary response determination in this study. Median age 70 years (range, 45 to 88); median number of treatment cycles 4 (range, 1 to 20+); ECOG 0-1 90%. Confirmed PSA response rates (50% decline from baseline) were 29% (90% [18.2%, 41.2%]; P=0.20), 10% (90% [5.2%, 27.1%]; P=1.00), and 4% ([0.2%, 18.3%]; P=0.59) in the chemonaive stratum, the prior-taxane stratum, and the 2-prior-chemotherapy stratum, respectively. Median progression-free survival was 3.5 months (95% CI, 2.0, 5.9), 2.3 months (95% CI, 2.0, 2.9) and 3.7 months (95% CI, 2.1, 4.2) for the chemonaive stratum, the prior-taxane stratum and the 2-prior-chemotherapy stratum, respectively. Nonhematological toxicities of any grade (mainly grade 1 and 2) were fatigue (74%), neuropathy (40%), alopecia (39%), nausea (35%), and anorexia (34%). Common hematological toxicities were decreased leukocytes (75%), decreased neutrophils (72%), and decreased hemoglobin (66%). The most common grade >/= 3 toxicities were decreased neutrophils (55%), decreased leukocytes (42%), sensory neuropathy (13%), and fatigue (11%). Overall, there was a 4% rate of febrile neutropenia. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, per the prespecified study endpoints, eribulin did not have adequate activity in chemotherapy naive or chemotherapy pretreated patients with metastatic CRPC to support further study in this setting.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.
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Publication Date: 2019-04-01.
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Last updated on Friday, December 06, 2019